Alto, Tenor and Baritone Saxophones
|Viviane CAULLIREAU||Louis CHARVET QUEMIN||Lison DARTOIS|
|Romain COURTAUD||Raphaëlle PHARABOT||Mélissa MANCHON|
|Stéphanie GUAY||Suzanne POUILLON||Quentin ZIMMER|
|Florent RATEL||Frédéric VITE||Serge DURANDO|
|Marcel GUIRAO||Jean Paul SUDUL||Odile DURANDO JANIN|
|Guy QUEZEL AMBRUNAZ||Sylvain DEGEORGES||Georges POUZOL|
|marie Thérèse MORAT||Antoine ROBERT||Mado VIAUD|
|Anne Marie POITOU||Philippe MUDRY||Claude ARNAUD|
|Pascale BERGER||Xavier DILLET||Serge VASLON|
|Bernard FLORET||Frédéric GAMAIN|
Although made of metal, the saxophone belongs to the woodwind family (and not the brass family, as is commonly misunderstood) because it uses a wooden reed. As with the clarinet, it is the vibration of the reed on the plastic mouthpiece that creates the sound. In addition, it tends to be closer to the sound of the strings, making it the missing link that bridges the woodwinds and brass instruments in a symphonic band. The most common saxophones are the soprano, alto, tenor and baritone, which make up the quartet of saxophones.
The instrument was a late invention (in 1841) by the Belgian inventor Adolphe SAX, who wanted to create an instrument that would both be the loudest of the woodwinds and the most versatile of the brass. Although the saxophone has a relatively marginal place in classical music, it is undoubtedly the king of jazz instruments.