Bassoon and English horn
|Agnès Lainé||Juliette LOMBARDI|
|Fanny CUGNET||Gilbert FACHINGER|
The English horn is in the family of wooden double-reeds, a relative of the oboe, which is equivalent to a fifth below. The name "English horn" comes from the description of the instrument in France: semi-circular as an English hunting horn, and bent (angle). As a double-reed, it has the capacity to obtain a steady stream of sound with carving melodies. Combined with its darker color (often melancholy) as well as the proximity of its range with the human voice (baritone to mezzo -soprano), it has a strong sound that was implemented by the composers themselves.
The bassoon is a double-reed instrument of the bass oboe family, consisting of a long conical bore tube made of wood (maple, rosewood), nearly 3 meters long, but bent to a height of 1.22 m (4 ft). It consists of a metal crook on which the reed is placed and four sections: the tenor, the butt, the bass, and the bell. The double reed is attached to a short copper pipe. There are two types of bassoons: the Buffet French bassoon, and the Heckel German bassoon (the most popular). Due to its size and weight, the bassoon requires extra support from a neck strap or a seat strap, or a spike resting on the floor, in order to be played. With its complicated fingering system and double-reed, the bassoon is more difficult to learn than some of the other woodwind instruments.